Its predecessor, the Crandall 1 of 1883, was the first typewriter to use a single type-element (no type bars) -- well before IBM's Selectric typewriter of 1961 with its ‘Golf ball’ spherical type-element. Like the Selectric, the Crandall’s cylindrical type-element could easily be changed to type with a different font style.
The Crandall New Model has a similar overall design to the Crandall 1 of 1883 but no longer has proportional spacing. Also the central key for lowering the ribbon guide was gone and the mechanism for changing the ribbon direction took on a new design. The Crandall's type-sleeve remained unchanged, being about the size and shape of ones finger (see photo below). The type-sleeve rotates and rises up one or two positions before striking the platen, achieving 84 characters with only 28 keys. The type-sleeve is easy to remove, allowing for a quick change the font.
One might well wonder why the type-sleeve did not become the standard in typewriter design at that time and why typewriters with type bars did. The reason was speed. Even though type bars are many separate hammers striking away, each hammer has a very simple and quick action, whereas the type-sleeve is moved through a much more complicated mechanical dance, which requires more force and time to type a character. The IBM Selectric (1961), with its single-type element ‘golf ball’, moves very fast because it is light weight, has few mechanical components, and is driven by an electric motor.
One can read more on the history of the Crandall by going to see the Crandall 1 in this collection.
This typewriter sold for $50.00 and $75.00.
"A first class two handed typing machine."
"Writing in plane sight, even to the last letter."
"Time is Money!!! We can save you both. Only high grade Machine on the market sold at a reasonable figure.."
Detailed Typewriter Image